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How to make a pond with your own hands. Materials for building a pond with his own hands How to build a pond in the ground

Having a beautiful pond in the garden is the dream of every inhabitant of summer. For the pond to be original and easy to maintain, you need to think through all the details: select a location, select materials, select residents and plants, and continue construction.

Garden pond: how to choose a place and not to be confused with shape and size
In the initial phase, often due to their inexperience and lack of knowledge, gardeners make mistakes that can cause many problems in the future. Only the right terrain, size and shape, ideal for the area - the key to successful construction. For this reason, a plan is made and planning of landscaping objects and buildings in the garden is carried out prior to such work.

Select a location

  • An open area is best for a pond because tall trees and shrubs are constantly clogging up the water. Alternatively, you can cover the surface of the nets while the leaves fall, but in summer you will have to remove the protection and the garbage from the surrounding plants will still be at the bottom of the tank. The pond in the shade heats up for a long time, especially in early spring.
  • It is very important that the selected area is exposed to sunlight in the morning or afternoon.
  • The surface of the construction site should be perfectly flat. Even a slight height difference can spoil the whole appearance, for example, waterproofing protruding from high shores does not look aesthetically pleasing.


The laws of landscape design say that a zigzag, complex shape is the optimal solution for a small palisade in natural style. As practice shows, placing such a pond in a small area is quite problematic and will look comical.
But this is not a reason to leave the tank, you can make a waterfall with a vertical drop or a small capacity semi fountain. With the right decoration, even the simplest geometric model fits into all kinds of landings without disturbing the landscape.
If a palisade is designed in a certain style, the pond should match it. So for the English style is suitable round pond, for classical with precisely defined angles and eastern design allows you to choose any shape.

Size and depth

It is not necessary to enlarge the pond in the garden, although the area allows it. Properly placed small pond will look much more impressive than a lake in the middle of the lawn. Though they care for the big ones more easily, they decorate better and can be used for swimming or fishing.
The optimum depth of the pond is from 30 to 50 cm, under such water thickness will suit both vegetation and living creatures. But it is worth considering that such a tank freezes and fish and plants will have to be moved for winter. Attaching and arranging a shallow pond with a fine shore is much easier.

DIY pond in the garden

Garden ponds are assembled from various materials: plastic, concrete, stone, film, geotextile. You can also buy a ready base - installation is relatively simple, is suitable for wintering aquatic plants and has a relatively long life.
The purpose of the pond may vary:
  • mini-pond from cast iron bath or garden trolley;
  • decorative swamp with which you can omit the problem area;
  • monastery for local flora and fauna;
  • shelter for exotic fish and plants;
  • swimming pool with rainbow water.

Ready-made pond arrangement

Using a specially designed container made of polyethylene or fiberglass makes it easy to create a small still water pond. They come in various forms and types and are sold in specialized shops and at thematic exhibitions of landscape designs.
  1. Place a two-level base and contours of its contours on the surface of the earth at a predetermined location, adding 15 cm for the seams. Dig the pit to one level and then, after repeating, to the next, but 15 to 20 cm deeper than the bathtub itself
  2. Thoroughly clean the niche of stones and plant residues and foam well. Then create a 10 cm thick layer of dry sand, flatten. Using a spirit level and a rail, ensure that the tank is correctly installed.
  3. Fill the resulting airspace with sand and moisten it until it stops seeping. At the same time fill the pond with water and observe its level. If necessary, rotate until the position is aligned.
  4. After 24 hours, check that the pond has retreated. If this happens, add sand and packer. Then empty the container, wash it and pour out clean water.
  5. Everything, the pond is ready for registration. Put pebbles around you or create paths of colored gravel, set them in containers.

Original pond for DIY in the garden

The main determining factor in choosing one of the options for a decorative pond is often the financial side. We offer some very original and relatively inexpensive ways to build a coveted water feature.

Second life

Old solitary barrels will serve as an excellent habitat for aquatic plants. The principle of bookmarks of such a mini-pond is the same as in the previous method. Wooden barrels are best used from oak, the main thing is that they are not cracked. But for metal containers, you will need to stroke a little: wash, cover the outer surface with bitumen, and paint inside with black oil paint for visual depth.

Artificial lake

What could be more charming than a small lake next to a country house? You will need a plastic film that can fit pieces of cardboard and plywood 3 x 3 meters or similar pieces of plastic (5 pieces).
He will have to work hard:
  • dig a pit with a volume of 3 x 3 x 3 m;
  • repair the soil (using thin plywood or building board), if the plastic mixture is not installed, first cover it with plastic foil;
  • install the plastic coating on the inner and lower parts perfectly evenly.
As a result, your creature will delight your eyes for more than a year.

Raised pond

If the home territory is already relatively small, there is no reason to get rid of the pleasure of admiring the composition of the water. It can be based on an old bathtub whose sides will successfully camouflage a tree or stone. This design is not recommended for fish farming, but is ideal for aquatic plants and snails.
For easy cleaning in the pond and masking white enamel, use a black film that secures its edges with decorative stones so that the bathtub is not visible at all.

DIY pond in the garden photo: selection of plants for composition

A pond created by hand is undoubtedly a great success, but for the pond to attract attention and rest, it is necessary to successfully select the vegetation.

Floating crops

A key place in any garden pond is the well-known water lily or nymph (lat. Nymphaea). Many varieties with small and large flowers can beautifully design a pond of any size.
For example, small water lilies (Pygmaea Alba, N. tetragona, Marliacea Rosea) are best suited for a small pond because they can visually enlarge the area. It is not recommended to grow other floating plants next to the nymphaeum, nor to build a rock garden or fountain (spraying can damage the leaves).
The turkey marsh (Hottonia palustris) and ranunculus (Ranunculus aquatilis) will look very prominent on the water. These species are unpretentious, they only need to shoot to reproduce, but they are not adapted for wintering under ice, so for periods of cold weather the plants should move to the basement.

Flock of plants

Due to the characteristics of the root system of amphibians, these plants are most suitable for treating decorative swamps, ponds in low areas and shallow water. This group includes: iris, marsh marigold, manin, arrow.

Coastal zone

The choice of plants to create a pond depends on the level of soil runoff and the depth of groundwater. Heikhera (Heuchera), Daylily (Hemerocallis), Trollius (Tróllius), Siberian Iris (Iris sibírica) and Cornflower (Thalictrum) take root on a shallow and humid coastline. Thanks to the variety of varieties and the most unusual color schemes you can combine these aquatic plants advantageously.
The coastal zone, framed by rocky hills, includes planting drought-resistant plants that love light, such as saxifara (Saxifraga) and young people (Sempervivum), as well as stunted bells and cereals, edelweiss and flox. When planting crops it is necessary to regulate the level of planting: perennial plants perennial up, in a kind of water plateau and high - a few levels lower.


A garden pond is not just a water structure - it is a real architectural building whose construction and layout will require a lot of time and effort. But thanks to our practical tips and instructions, the creative process of building and refitting the tank will bring a lot of pleasure.

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