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Key points of fattening cattle breeding technology (eight steps)

First, choose the right fattening method

In the process of rearing fattening cattle, the following methods can be mainly selected. Continuous fattening can be directly applied to calves, short-term fattening can be applied to eliminated cattle that cannot be used for breeding, and short-term fattening can be applied to shelf cattle. Regarding which fattening method to choose to raise fattening cattle, it is mainly based on the breeding method and method, while combining with the price of the local market and market demand. Generally speaking, for farmers with large-scale farms, they can choose a single fattening method, and they can also choose classified fattening methods for breeding.

Second, rectify environmental facilities
The quality of the cowshed's environmental quality directly affects the growth rate of beef cattle. In order to create a good living environment for beef cattle, the old cowshed should be overhauled, equipment and instruments adjusted, etc., and the cowshed and sports field should be cleaned regularly. Exterminating insects, keeping the cowshed quiet, ensuring good lighting and smooth ventilation in the shed, and properly configuring temperature and humidity adjustment equipment to keep the temperature in the shed at 10 ~ 21 ℃ to promote the rapid growth of beef cattle.

Third, choose a reasonable breed of cattle

Farmers should select the best breeder for fattening based on the local cattle breeding situation. It is recommended to choose strong, healthy and disease-free purebred Simmental, Limousin or Angus beef cattle, or higher quality beef cattle. The first generation of crossbreeding with local cattle is bulls, which not only grow fast, but also have high feed utilization, excellent beef quality, and high economic benefits from fattening

Fourth, scientifically formulated feed

The feed formula in the fattening period should be designed according to the nutritional needs of beef cattle in stages. Calves are in the stage of vigorous growth and development, and they should provide feed with higher protein content. Shelf cattle and eliminated cattle should provide feed with higher energy levels. In the early stage of fattening, the nutrition level should not be too high. The level of coarse material should be maintained at 55% to 65%, and the level of concentrated material should be maintained at 35% to 45%. The nutrition level should be increased at the later stage of fattening, and the level of coarse material should be maintained at 20% to 30%. The material level is maintained at 70% to 80%. According to the local feed resources, choose the coarse feed reasonably, pay attention to the coarse feed should be cut short and feed, and the concentrate crushing should not be too fine, while ensuring that the feed is clean, hygienic and good palatability.

Five, grasp the feeding skills

On the basis of comprehensive feed nutrition, designing a reasonable daily feed amount is of great significance for saving feed costs and increasing beef cattle body mass. The daily feeding amount of each cow should be comprehensively determined based on factors such as body condition, body size, weight gain design, fattening goals, and local climatic conditions. At the same time, we must pay attention to the healthy drinking water of beef cattle. Generally, the daily water demand of fattening cattle in normal growth period is 30 ~ 40 kg. Do n’t let the fattening cows drink dirty water or be in a state of water shortage, otherwise it will seriously affect the digestion of feed. And the health of beef cattle. The reasonable feeding sequence is: first grass and then feed, first feed and then water. In addition, the appropriate amount of vitamins and trace elements supplementation can greatly help beef cattle gain weight quickly.

Six, strengthen feeding management
Different breeding methods are adopted according to the age, sex and fattening method of the selected cattle breed. Shelter cattle fattening should adopt a tethered breeding method as far as possible, and rearing according to the size and strength of beef cattle, so as to control the feed intake of beef cattle and reduce the phenomenon of fighting and climbing. Large-scale fattening should adopt the way of captive or free-range breeding, grouping according to the sex, body weight and month of age of beef cattle, and feeding in small pens to provide a full price diet, ensuring a certain amount of exercise time, which is conducive to the growth of each cow. Potential. In the daily management process, the principles of "five determinations", "five views", "five nets", and "three observations" should be adhered to, that is, "determining people, timing, quantitative, regular weighing, regular brushing", "watch Eat, watch drinking, watch ruminant, watch urine, watch spirit "," Forage net, drink water, feed trough, pen net, cattle body net "," observe cow spirit, observe cow appetite, observe cow Only feces ".

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