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Pond and materials use


We make a project

The best place for the future artificial pond is reserved even at the design stage of the summer cottage . In this case the pond should:
  • avoid prolonged exposure to direct sunlight - heated water causes algae growth and microorganisms. The water in the pond quickly becomes cloudy and has a musty smell;
  • be in an open area - tree branches and leaves quickly pollute the water and the root system can damage the bottom of the artificial tank;
  • arranged so that later it would be possible to increase the size of the water surface if you would like to remodel the pond into a full-fledged complex - with a fountain, a bridge, etc.
Professional builders   It is recommended that the artificial pond be shallow - because it will be used mainly as a beautiful element of the surrounding landscape in the garden. In addition, you must immediately think about how to take care of the pond in the area - it should be convenient to access. Naturally not through the garden.
Water in the artificial pond will have to be replaced with your own hands, because unlike natural reservoirs it will not be naturally cleaned. Therefore, you must make sure that it is close to the pond.

Material selection for construction

Before you can create a pond with your own hands, you have to determine its foundation . In this case, there are several solutions. Consider what an artificial pond can be made from.

Reinforced concrete

The most durable pond in the garden can be made using reinforced concrete. The bottom and coastal zone, reinforced with reinforcement and poured with concrete, can withstand various other loads - installation of sculptural compositions, fountain, etc.
The complexity of the construction makes this technology impractical in the organization of small ponds in the country. The disadvantages of this solution are considerable costs. He will have to rent special equipment , use a lot of building materials and dismantle the installed pond will only be possible with great labor costs.

Pvc film

Budget solution for building artificial reservoirs in the country. The depth and shape of this tank can be easily changed, reduced or enlarged. A pond in an area with a film base may even be seasonal - for example, fall asleep with the advent of winter and recap in the summer.
The disadvantages of this solution include the brittleness and brittleness of the PVC coating - the film can be easily damaged, and if the integrity of the dish is compromised, the water easily enters the ground. Because swimming in these ponds is not recommended - they did little   and used to decorate the garden.

Artificial bowls

This is a golden resource for people who want to have their own pond in the garden while not suffering from building materials for its organization. Bowls for decorative ponds are made of durable and durable materials - fiberglass or polyvinyl chloride.
The first option is much more expensive. However, the cost of a glass fiber bowl is fully compensated by the excellent performance of the material. You can easily put this cup into your own hands without involving outside help in this process. The disadvantage may be the acquisition of ready-made standard forms - that is, the foundation pit should be made in the shape of a bowl and not vice versa.
In addition, the possibility of constructing uneven terrain   bottom for the design of natural shores will be lost In addition, this way of organizing a pond in the garden will cost much more than a tank for improvised materials or film.

Materials at hand

A quite interesting option is the use of various improvised containers or materials. Old troughs, cast-iron baths are very suitable for construction.
The advantage of this method is that it is not necessary to build bulky reinforced concrete structures or to obtain standard molds. The disadvantages include the low decorativeness of old tanks - you have to show the imagination in order to turn the old bath into a work of art .
For example, people who have a catastrophic small area in the country, experts recommend using a comfortable and simple pond made of tires. The old tires are dug, the film is laid in and the banks are decorated.
The resulting pond can surprise even professional designers - the finished pond will be an exclusive element of the landscape interior.

Pit Foundation

Then, when they decided to build material, it is necessary to dig a pit. This work is best done in the summer when groundwater go as far as possible . The depth of the pit is determined based on the type of material from which it was decided to make the bowl. If it is an old bathroom or other finished form, we dig a hole 25-30 cm deeper than the dimensions of the form.
If you decide to create a pond made of PVC foil, you will have to dig to a depth of about 70-90 cm - a small pond freezes completely in winter, dries quickly in summer and warms up. For reinforced concrete tanks, a pit of more than 1.5 meters will have to be excavated - no special equipment is required.
Consider the stages of building a pond in the country with your own hands for different types of selected materials.

PVC pond

When the pit is ready, it remains to clear its bottom and dig on the sides of the future mini-pond of the small terrace . The depth of these terraces is approximately 30 cm and the width is about 25 cm. The bottom of the pit is packed, pebbles, debris, stones and other foreign objects are removed. The cleaned bottom is covered with sand and covered with geotextile. This preparation of the bottom significantly improves the strength of the primer and extends the life of the film.
The next step is to apply the film coating. Film size can be calculated as follows: take the total length of the tank and add the depth of the well twice. The film screen is mounted on a terrace with an edge of approximately 30 cm. The laid canvas is laid with stones or bricks - this must be done to maintain its laying form.
Then fill the pond with water, check the integrity of the film and proceed with the design of the coastal zone. Instantly, the remnants of trimming films are not needed   under the bricks, as they can sit down over time.

Swimming pond

To build a pond from an old bathtub or other unnecessary tank you will need:
  • crushed stone;
  • piece of netting;
  • sand and cement;
  • coil of steel or aluminum wire;
  • Beautiful stones for decoration.
After excavating the foundation pit it is necessary to make its edges. Why do we remove the top around the entire perimeter of the future pond? a layer of Earth about 45-50 cm wide . This circumference is deepened so that it is horizontal with the shape of the tank. The drain hole in the bathroom is closed and then installed on the bottom of the pit.
To extend the operating time of the future mini-pond, it is necessary to protect the enamel on the inner surface of the bowl. Why the sides and bottom of the bathroom can be treated with tile adhesive. The bath is then allowed to dry thoroughly. This usually requires at least a few days.
The netting is then laid around the perimeter of the bowl. It is required to reinforce the bottom and sides of the tank. Apply a mixture of cement and sand or concrete mortar to the net and allow to dry. Then comes a series of final proposals coast.

Finished pond

Excavated pit for mold, cleaned of waste , branches and other items. The walls and bottom of the pit are rammed. When the land is very loose soil - it needs to be strengthened. A perfectly flat plane of the sides and bottom of the pit is required for the finished mold. The surface can be leveled with the building level.
The bottom must then be covered with sieved sand, which must also be compressed. The sand layer is an excellent fuse that ensures the integrity of the finished bowl.
Then the bowl is installed in the pit and the water is poured. The resulting gaps between the ground and sides of the mold are covered with sand, which must be done gradually. First pour 20-25 cm of sand, which is moistened with water. After sand distribution , repeat this process until the cavities   between the pit walls and the shape are completely filled .
This must be done because the shape of the pond is very brittle and easily deformable. Even pressure on the surface of the bowl does not allow it to bend.
After a day, check the gap between the ground and sides of the bowl. If they are empty, add sand. Pour water from the mini-pond, finally clean it and pour clean water.

Selection of plants

Small plants are planted on the coastal part of the pond. The hosts can create a picturesque picture on the shore of the pond, with green preferred penumbra and blue preferred shade.
Also in the shade, sedge perfectly grows with narrow leaves that sometimes grow up to 80 cm. In penumbra the inconspicuous marmot feels good purple inflorescence . You can fasten the zipper in the sunny area.
Perfectly decorates the shore of the pond in partial shade, fern. It grows well on wet ground. The same conditions apply to astilba. For landing near the pond are suitable its undersized varieties.
If the pond is relatively large, plant a darmer (peltiphyllum) on the shore - a perennial in the form of shrubs to a height of 1 m and a diameter of up to 0.5 m with hollow round leaves.
On the second level, water lilies are traditionally found in a pond. The hybrid nymph is characterized by different colors;
Sunny shallow water is a great place for calamus . In a small amount of water the cereal of low calamus looks organic and in large - a swamp. Some iris varieties also prefer low water.
Unobtrusive sludge is quite a favorite plant for home ponds. At the beginning of summer, it appears on the flower in the form of ears and then - red berries. It should be remembered that they are poisonous.
The hawthorn, scented with vanilla, grows well in water and reaches a diameter of 50 cm. It is a deep-water plant. It looks originally floating on the surface, miniature, covering the pond with a green azolea carpet. However, it will be necessary to fight and regularly catch bushes.

It is assumed that the artificial pond serves only as a decoration of the place and place for bathing children, so that when leaving boredom. However, a well-equipped pond also contributes to the humidification of the ground and is therefore useful both for humans (especially asthmatics) and for garden plants.
If everything is well thought out and organized, work from start to finish is done without the involvement of experts, with your own hands. The specifics of basic technological operations will be described in the proposed article, which can be considered as step-by-step instructions for building a pond in the country. Of course, some correction for local nuances.
This does not depend much on the desired tank shape. By the way, there is no standard for this. If the main purpose of the pond is decorative, it is enough to "insert" your own imagination to understand how its bowl fits into the overall landscape of a particular segment of the territory. But the more bizarre its configuration is, the more difficult it will be to work, and the time and money will be more impressive.
Therefore, when you organize a pond, you have to concentrate on forms that are relatively simple - a circle, an oval, a square, giving them some asymmetry, so the pond looks natural.
Things to consider when choosing a pond location:
  • Arrangement of fruit trees and shrubs with a strong root system (eg Barberry). If they are far away, then in the bowl design the choice of options is relatively large and the installation itself can be done according to a simplified diagram. If there is a risk of damage, the roots will have to buy either a suitable plastic "cookware" (ready-made container) or engage in concreting, laying the foundation pit under the pond. Yes, and the leaves that fall from the surrounding plantings will have to be constantly removed.
  • Possibility to supply water pipes. The shorter the travel, the lower the pump load. In addition, the cost of laying the line will be reduced. ASG for “pillow”, geotextiles, same pipes and many other materials - all will have to be purchased.
  • Drain Water will need to be updated regularly. And the more lit place, the more often. Otherwise, the occurrence of duckweed, intensive reproduction of microorganisms and associated odors during stagnation of water. It is therefore necessary to mount the "thread" of the drainage system.
  • Experts recommend focusing on their area acceptable for any breath. The pond should not occupy more than 5% of its territory. Given that a certain proportion of acres is already occupied in the house, garden buildings are quite rational advice.
  • Lighting this part of the cottage. Optimal - no more than 6 hours a day. As already mentioned, with an abundance of light, the water quickly turns green.

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